Extensible HyperText Markup Language

hr

Definition

The hr element is used to separate sections of content. Though the name of the hr element is "horizontal rule", most visual Web browsers render hr as a horizontal line.

Example

In the following example, hr is used to separate the body of an article from a copyright notice.

  1. <p>The rapid expansion of the Web into every area of society led inevitably to ...</p>
  2. <p><abbr>W3C</abbr> laid the foundations of today's Web with standards such as ...</p>
  3. <hr />
  4. <p id="copyright">Copyright (c) 2006 XHTML.COM and its licensors. All rights reserved.</p>

Best practice

The hr element is useful for users of assistive technologies, because it acts as an effective separator between sections of a document. However, many Web designers do not want hr to render as a horizontal line in visual Web browsers. In such situations, the following CSS can be used to prevent the horizontal line from rendering:

  1. hr {
  2. visibility: hidden;
  3. position: absolute;
  4. left: -10000px;
  5. }

Attributes

Common core attributes

class
(NameTokens) This attribute assigns a class name or set of class names to an element. Any number of elements may be assigned the same class name or set of class names. Multiple class names must be separated by white space characters. Class names are typically used to apply CSS formatting rules to an element.
id
(ID) This attribute assigns an ID to an element. This ID must be unique in a document. This ID can be used by client-side scripts (such as JavaScript) to select elements, apply CSS formatting rules, or to build relationships between elements.
title
(Text) This attribute offers advisory information. Some Web browsers will display this information as tooltips. Assistive technologies may make this information available to users as additional information about the element.

Common internationalization attributes

xml:lang
(NameToken) This attribute specifies the base language of an element's attribute values and text content.
dir

This attribute specifies the base direction of text. Possible values:

  • ltr: Left-to-right
  • rtl: Right-to-left

Common event attributes

onclick
(Script) A client-side script event that occurs when a pointing device button is clicked over an element.
ondblclick
(Script) A client-side script event that occurs when a pointing device button is double-clicked over an element.
onmousedown
(Script) A client-side script event that occurs when a pointing device button is pressed down over an element.
onmouseup
(Script) A client-side script event that occurs when a pointing device button is released over an element.
onmouseover
(Script) A client-side script event that occurs when a pointing device is moved onto an element.
onmousemove
(Script) A client-side script event that occurs when a pointing device is moved within an element.
onmouseout
(Script) A client-side script event that occurs when a pointing device is moved away from an element.
onkeypress
(Script) A client-side script event that occurs when a key is pressed down over an element then released.
onkeydown
(Script) A client-side script event that occurs when a key is pressed down over an element.
onkeyup
(Script) A client-side script event that occurs when a key is released over an element.

Common style attribute

style
(Text) This attribute specifies formatting style information for the current element. The content of this attribute is called inline CSS. The style attribute is deprecated (considered outdated), because it fuses together content and formatting.

Contains

  • Nothing